Frankfurt am Main, Germany | AFP | German Chancellor Angela Merkel faces a bitter political reality on Monday after the parties in her fragile coalition suffered heavy losses in a key regional election and a junior partner made threats to quit.
Sunday’s blow for Merkel’s conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democrats (SPD) in Hesse was the latest state poll marred by the image of the right-left “grand coalition” government limping from crisis to crisis at a federal level.
“The situation for Merkel is grave,” daily Sueddeutsche Zeitung judged late Sunday. “Now the question is whether we’ll soon have to write ‘in liquidation’ after her coalition.”
Exit polls showed both of the formerly dominant parties being hit with losses of around 11 percentage points in Hesse compared with the last election in 2013, although the CDU still claimed first place on 27.2 percent of the vote.
Meanwhile, at 19.8 percent the SPD tumbled into a neck-and-neck race for second place with the ecologist Greens, who garnered 19.6 percent.
Showing political gains was the far-right anti-immigrant party Alternative for Germany (AfD) which took 13.2 percent of the vote to enter the Hesse state legislature for the first time.
– ‘Unacceptable’ –
Merkel’s first order of business when she speaks at 1:00 pm (1200 GMT) in Berlin will be buttering up the Social Democrats, who have threatened to leave the coalition that many blame for years of disappointing electoral setbacks.
That would almost certainly trigger fresh elections and perhaps the end of Merkel’s political career.
“The state of the government is unacceptable,” SPD general secretary Andrea Nahles said on Sunday, demanding from the CDU a “clear, binding roadmap for politics in the interest of the citizens”.
She was seeking to strike a sober contrast to the highly personal internal quarrels of the conservative camp in recent months.
The government almost collapsed twice over the summer, notably when Merkel restrained hardline interior minister Horst Seehofer’s attempts to toughen up migrant policy.
Armed with Nahles’s checklist, by September 2019 the SPD “will be able to see whether this government is still the right place for us”, the party leader said in an implicit threat to the chancellor.
After federal elections in September 2017 defined by sharp drops for both the centre-right and left and the appearance of the far-right in the Bundestag (parliament) for the first time, the SPD agreed only reluctantly to back Merkel yet again.
– Rendez-vous in December –
Increasing numbers of SPD members are calling for the party to quit government immediately and lick its wounds in opposition, as it is presently polling below AfD nationwide, at 15 percent to the far-right’s 16 percent.
But Merkel also has to shore up support among her own party, where more and more members are calling her leadership into question.