Kampala, Uganda | RONALD MUSOKE | Uganda joined the Clean Seas Campaign on June 25 demonstrating the country’s commitment to halt the flow of plastic waste entering its lakes and rivers.
The Clean Seas Campaign, launched by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) in 2017, has been a catalyst for change, transforming habits, practices, standards and policies around the globe.
The campaign contributes to the goals of the Global Partnership on Marine Litter, a multi-stakeholder partnership which brings together all the actors working on marine litter and plastic pollution prevention and reduction.
With now 63 country partners, the Clean Seas Campaign is a global movement devoted to ending marine plastic pollution from source to sea. Commitments by signatory countries cover more than 60% of the world’s coastlines, with a growing membership from countries like Uganda working to protect other critical, and connected water bodies. Individual pledges of action have since reached more than one million.
Uganda which is landlocked is part of the Great Lakes region of Africa with Lake Victoria being its largest freshwater ecosystem. The water body, shared with Kenya and Tanzania, is the source of the iconic River Nile that flows 6,695 kilometres before empting billions of litres of water into the Mediterranean Sea.
However, Lake Victoria, which could easily pass for an inland sea is currently being threatened by the catastrophic effects of the triple planetary crises – biodiversity breakdown, the climate emergency, and rampant pollution – from decades of unsustainable production, irresponsible consumption, and insufficient waste disposal.
In Uganda, this pollution takes the form of waste, such as plastics and fishing gear, and nutrients from agricultural run-off, degrading ecosystems services and threatening the health and livelihoods of its communities.
About one in five of the fish in Lake Victoria had ingested plastic, according to a recent study titled, “First evidence of micro plastics in the African Great Lakes: Recovery from Lake Victoria Nile perch and Nile tilapia.” The research was published in 2015 in the Journal of Great Lakes Research. Another study titled, “Micro plastic pollution in surface water of Lake Victoria” published in June, last year, recorded micro plastics in surface waters on the lake.
Juliette Bia Koudenoukpo, UNEP’s Director and Regional Representative for Africa welcomed Uganda – the second landlocked country, and the first in Africa – as it joins the Clean Seas Campaign.
“This is not just about seas but about all our water bodies and how they deliver vital services that support our very well-being. As part of the partnership, UNEP is also pleased to support Uganda on a national action plan to tackle litter and plastic pollution,” she said.
“When it comes to plastic pollution, it is critical to focus on the importance of all water bodies – lakes, rivers, wetlands, and ultimately, the ocean – that suffer from the negative impacts of both plastic, and other types of pollution. These include ghost fishing gear and excessive nutrients from agricultural run-off.”
Dr. Tom Okurut, the Executive Director of the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)—Uganda’s environmental watchdog— emphasized the cost of continued use of plastics on both aquatic life and human health.
“Plastics clog drainage systems which attract billions of shillings to unclog annually; sums that would have otherwise been invested in other critical social services.”
Spurred by the need to address dangers like carcinogenic exposure from ingesting micro plastics, Uganda has been inspired to tackle plastics through the law and seeking national and international partnerships.
“Many factors have delayed enforcement of plastics ban in Uganda, but I have confidence that joining the global Clean Seas Campaign will go a long way in developing conviction among Ugandans and other global citizens to adopt more sustainable alternatives,” Okurut added.
Uganda is already one of 30 other countries represented in the Tide Turners Plastic Challenge, a Clean Seas Campaign initiative that educates young people around the world about marine litter and plastic pollution, giving them the tools to change their personal behaviour, inspire their communities, and create a better future for the planet.
In March 2021,Flipflopi, the world’s first sailing boat made from 100% recycled plastic, joined forces with the Clean Seas Campaign on an expedition by sailing around Lake Victoria with stops in Kenya, Uganda and in Tanzania.
The expedition drew attention to the plight of the lake and the need by the East African Community to end the unnecessary single-use plastic scourge that is threatening the region.