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Oil giant Total fined in France for Iran corruption

Paris, France | AFP | A French court on Friday fined oil giant Total 500,000 euros ($575,000) for corruption over bribes it paid to secure a huge gas concession in Iran in 1997.

The French company was accused of paying $30 million in bribes in return for help in securing the rights to the South Pars natural gas field in the Persian Gulf, the world’s largest.

The Paris criminal court found it guilty of “corruption of a foreign public agent” for payments made to former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani’s son Mehdi Hashemi, a senior energy official at the time, among others.

But it dismissed prosecutors’ call for it to seize 250 million euros in Total assets — investigators’ estimate of the value of the proceeds of the corruption.

The fine represents a fraction of the $398 million that Total paid in the US in 2013 to settle similar charges arising out of the joint French-US investigation.

It also represents a drop in the ocean of Total’s net profits in 2017 of 8.6 billion dollars.

– ‘Business development’ –

By admitting responsibility in the US, Total avoided the embarrassment of a trial for violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), which seeks to stop bribery in foreign countries by companies with a significant US presence.

The company cited its deal with US authorities in refusing to answer questions about its Iran dealings at its Paris trial.

The French part of the probe, which was launched back in 2006, initially covered both the 1997 South Pars deal, worth $2 billion, and the 1995 concession for the Sirri A and E oil fields.

Total was accused of paying a total of $60 million in bribes between 1995 and 2004 to obtain the concessions.

The US Justice Department said that Total attempted to pass off the payments as “business development expenses”.

The company argued that its behaviour was “completely legal under French law.”

In the end the multinational was tried only over the $30 million it paid in connection with the South Pars field after 2000, when a new French law on “corruption of foreign public officials” came into effect.

Total’s late CEO Christophe de Margerie, who was head of Middle East exploration at the time of the payments, was also being investigated before his sudden death in a plane crash in Moscow in 2014.

In a statement Friday, Total’s current CEO Patrick Pouyanne said anyone who knew de Margerie “knows that he would never be involved in any type of corruption”.

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