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Kagame Vs Kayumba

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Lt. Gen Kayumba NyamwasaThe inside story

How Kayumba escaped from Rwanda

Details of his last meeting with RPF and RDF officials

Kagame’s telephone calls looking for him

Tumukunde, Biraro and Pecos Kutesa named in his case

Early on the morning of February 28 a bus parked outside the ministry of Foreign Affairs headquarters in Kigali was delaying to depart. Inside it were ambassadors of Rwanda scheduled for a meeting with President Paul Kagame at 9am. It was getting closer to the time of the meeting but one passenger had not yet showed up.  It was Lt. Gen. Kayumba Nyamwasa.

Rwanda’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Louise Mushikiwabo, who was in charge of the ambassadors’ transport, was getting agitated. Then Kagame telephoned her on her cell phone. Mushikiwabo knows the president to be a strict time keeper. He was calling from State House, just before setting off for President’s Office to find out if the bus was also on its way.

Mushikiwabo informed Kagame that the bus was delaying because Kayumba, Rwanda’s High Commissioner to India, had not yet showed up. It was exactly 8.40am. Kagame told her that he was heading to the office and would wait for them.

Kagame is a former intelligence officer and Kayumba’s absence tweaked his antennae.  The previous night, there had been a meeting at the Rwanda Patriotic Front  (RPF) offices in Kigali between Kayumba and senior party leaders and senior officers from the Rwanda Defence Forces (RDF). After the meeting, Kagame had been briefed about its outcome – mainly that Kayumba had agreed to apologise to the RPF and the commander in chief, Kagame, for a series of transgressions.

Sources close to Kagame say that the president’s sixth sense kept asking him: Why had Kayumba not showed up? First, he thought that maybe he would be coming in his own vehicle. When he got to the office, Kagame received a phone call from Mushikiwabo that the bus was on its way but, she added, they had decided to leave without Kayumba.

At this point it was thought that Kayumba had either arrived at the President’s Office earlier than the rest or he would be coming in his own vehicle. A source at State House Kigali told The Independent that when Kagame arrived at his office, he asked his staff and was told Kayumba was not there.

President Paul Kagame

“When we told him that Kayumba was not at the office,” the source said, “it was clear the president smelt that something was not right. He looked suspicious and unconvinced, almost agitated. An officer told him that Kayumba may have fallen ill. But Kagame reportedly rejected that option straightaway saying: “He would have called to say he is not coming because he is ill.”

Meanwhile, Rwanda’s High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, Earnest Rwamucyo was in police detention. He had been involved in a traffic accident the previous night. When the police got to him around midnight, they found he had been driving under the influence of alcohol. Mushikiwabo asked Kagame what she should do about Rwamucyo.

“Let the law follow its course,” Kagame told her. The president said it would be improper to interfere with the police and ask them to release someone who had committed a crime.

Immediately the call ended he called the Chief of Police, Emmanuel Gasana to repeat his instruction regarding Rwamucyo. Kagame also asked Gasana to find out what was happening to Kayumba specifying that they check where he was staying. In five minutes the police chief called back and told Kagame that Kayumba was not at his home. Kagame immediately asked Gasana to check with the border officials.

According to sources in Kigali, Kayumba owns a farm in Uganda and often crosses the border to visit it. Gasana was told that in the morning, Kayumba’s car had arrived at the Rwanda-Uganda border but with his driver only. The ever suspicious border staff asked where the driver was taking the General’s car. He said Kayumba had sent him to collect some things from his farm before he returns to India. He was let through.

Gasana concluded that Kayumba must have left the country, possibly using a smugglers’ track to cross into Uganda, leaving his driver to go through the official immigration point. Gasana asked what time the driver crossed and the border officials said it was at about 8am. Which means Kayumba left Kigali in broad daylight. Why wasn’t he detected given Rwanda’s tight security?

A highly placed security source in Kigali told The Independent that Kayumba was not detected because he was not on the “alert” list. If this is true, then why would an army general escape from the country? The answer can only be found in the nature of the meeting between Kayumba and those senior RPF and RDF leaders.

James Kabarebe

According to Rwanda’s High Commissioner to Uganda, Maj. Gen. Frank Mugambagye, who attended the meeting, RPF and RDF officials had grilled Kayumba for allegedly “trying to create a power-base in the army for selfish ends”.

Mugambagye told The Independent that Kayumba initially denied the allegations  (see interview on page 14). However, when evidence was placed on the table, Kayumba agreed to apologise to Kagame. The aim, Mugambagye said, was to “bring him back to the fold.” The meeting ended past midnight. That morning, Kayumba fled Rwanda.

Kigali observers say Kayumba has for many years been going through low level conflicts with some people inside the ruling party and army, RPF and RDF– especially those close to Kagame. They accused him of “suspicious actions and intentions.” They said that, as army chief of staff, he tended to promote some officers over others in a manner that suggested he was trying to build a power base within the army. They also said he would deliberately use his position to deploy officers strategically suggesting that he had a hidden agenda.

According to investigations by The Independent, no hard evidence of corruption was ever adduced against Kayumba. But some RDF officers accused him of using operational funds to reward loyalists – what political scientists call patronage.

“Soldiers would go to him for personal assistance in times of need,” one officer told The Independent, “And he would help them. This helped him to create a following in the army.”

Kayumba is also accused of creating factions in the army. His rivals alleged he was building a base in the army possibly with the intention to overthrow Kagame. Such accusations are difficult to prove. It is difficult to establish a coherent and credible prosecutorial case against someone. Often, the judgement would be very subjective. Kayumba has said in the past that he was a victim of intrigue.

It is possible these allegations were brought against him because of an internal power struggle in which Kayumba seemed unable to respond well. By projecting him as an ambitious person seeking to remove the president, Kayumba’s rivals may have changed Kagame’s view of him. It is possible that once Kagame’s mind was poisoned, Kayumba’s every move became suspect.

Pecos Kutesa

Sources inside Rwandan security say that Kayumba’s problems began in 2001 when he left Rwanda for a military course at the Royal Military College of Science in Shrivenham in Britain. He had organised it when he was still chief of ctaff without informing the commander in chief. Kagame got to know about it when it had already materialised.

At the time, there was an insurgency in the north west of Rwanda and Kayumba was the one in charge of military operations there. Rwandan sources say that Kagame was shocked by Kayumba’s attitude because of the way he learnt of this course.

Kagame was driving home with his wife Janet and visited Kayumba because he had a sick child. The dates are unclear but it was in late 2000.  At Kayumba’s home was a female visitor from Uganda called Penina or Penny, a lawyer who studied with former Rwandan external security chief, Patrick Karegyeya, at Makerere University. Kagame was told she had brought Kayumba’s academic papers. Karegyeya is now a dissident with Kayumba in South Africa.

When Kagame asked what the transcripts were for, Kayumba told him casually that he had secured the military course abroad. Sources say Kagame was puzzled at how a senior officer could organise a study course abroad, in the midst of his command against an insurgency, without seeking the commander in chief’s consent first. Kagame did not stop him.

Later, when Kayumba called Gen. James Kabarebe, at that time his deputy, to inform him that he was handing over the operations to him, Kabarebe was equally shocked. Kayumba’s action was tantamount to abandoning the army for a course in the middle of a serious national security problem.

Army sources in Kigali claim that Kabarebe presented this concern to Kayumba who answered, again casually with some laughter that: “You come here and fight! Let me go. When I come back, I will still find these wars going on.” Kabarebe felt that Kayumba spoke in a manner which suggested that the insurgency could not be ended.

This was also the time when Rwanda had problems with Uganda. By coincidence, Kayumba went for the same course at the same military academy with Maj. Gen Benon Biraro of the Uganda Peoples’ Defence Forces, then a colonel. Kayumba was the most senior officer in the college.

During the course, intelligence reports from the UK claimed that Ugandan intelligence was trying to recruit Kayumba and use him when he returned to Rwanda to cause change in the Kigali leadership. It was claimed that Kayumba had grown close to Biraro during which time he revealed his anti-Kagame sentiments.

Maj.Gen Benon Biraro

According to Rwandan sources, Biraro reported back to Kampala about these discussions. On the strength of Biraro’s reports, it is alleged that President Museveni sent Brig. Henry Tumukunde, the then director general of Internal Security Organisation (ISO) to visit Kayumba in UK. Sources claim that Tumukunde visited Kayumba “for talks”.

However, Biraro told The Independent that Kayumba “never, ever made any statement to him against his country, his government and his president”. Biraro said: “It was a time when relations between Uganda and Rwanda were strained. So we had a gentleman’s agreement that we should only speak good things about each other’s country. Kayumba is a gentleman. He loves his country. He never indulged in any talk against his government and his president with me – not in the open and not even in private.”

Regarding Tumukunde’s visit, Biraro said that sometime in 2002, he heard that the ISO chief was in London. He invited him to the military college. Tumukunde spent a night in Biraro’s house and left very early the next morning. Biraro says the time was too short for Tumukunde to meet Kayumba – something Biraro had wanted. However, Kayumba was travelling away from the college and Biraro felt he was deliberately trying to avoid meeting Tumukunde.

When contacted, Tumukunde refused to comment on the issue saying his current circumstances do not allow him to. However, Tumukunde’s colleagues at ISO at the time claim that during his visit, he met Nyamwasa in the dining hall and exchanged pleasantries and nothing more.

“Museveni never trusted Tumukunde on Rwandan matters,” a highly placed security source said, “Tumukunde has a close relationship with Kagame. The two shared a house with Maj. Gen. Mugisha Muntu for almost three years. So Museveni felt that a person who had been that close to Kagame could not be trusted on Rwanda. Tumukunde was deliberately kept at arms-length in the handling of Rwanda.”

Some Rwandan officials claim that once in a meeting with Museveni at State House Nakasero during the quarrels between the two countries in 2002, the Ugandan president slipped. In an unguarded moment, in the middle of a heated argument, Museveni is alleged to have said: “If Paulo [Kagame] cannot work with us, we will find others to work with.” Given the aforementioned reports, this was interpreted to mean that Museveni had something going with Kayumba.

Brig.Henry Tumukunde

Leaving Uganda aside, intelligence sources in Rwanda were continuing to supply Kagame with more allegations against Kayumba. He was accused of linking up with persons in exile who were hostile to the regime in Kigali. Among them was the former speaker of parliament in Rwanda, Joseph Sebarenzi and former minister of internal security in charge of police and prisons, Kazzo Rwaka, both now living in USA.

It was alleged that Rwandan dissidents abroad were encouraging Kayumba; telling him he is an alternative to Kagame. So when Kayumba returned from the course, Kagame called him and told him about all these concerns and adduced evidence to support his case. Kayumba denied the allegations and explained that in some cases he was being misunderstood.

Kayumba returned at the time when Rwanda Defence Forces was changing its structure and senior officers claim he expected to be appointed chief of general staff. Kagame told him he would not. “You cannot go back to command the army you abandoned in the middle of an insurgency,” Kagame reportedly told Kayumba.

Instead, despite the allegations, Kagame appointed Kayumba Director General of the National Security Services (NSS). After two years at the NSS, he was sent to India as High Commissioner. However, the allegations against Kayumba continued.

It is alleged that while in India, UPDF Col. Pecos Kutesa from Uganda visited the country for medical treatment. Kutesa’s wife Dora works at the Ugandan High Commission in New Delhi. It was alleged that Kayumba visited Kutesa in hospital and shared with him his feelings towards Kagame and the regime in Kigali. Kutesa apparently informed Ugandan authorities of the discussion and this information in turn leaked to Rwandan intelligence.

According to Rwandan sources, when Kutesa later visited Rwanda, RDF officers took him out for a drink. During the discussion, Kutesa told them all the things Kayumba had told him on his hospital bed.

When The Independent talked to Kutesa, he admitted that Kayumba visited him in hospital in New Delhi. “He was High Commissioner for Rwanda and my wife is a diplomat at the Ugandan High Commission,” Kutesa said, “All ambassadors from Africa visited me. That was not unusual. Besides, I have known him for many years. Kayumba was my political commissar when I was 4th division commander in the late 1980s. He is also a personal friend. However, he did not discuss with me anything political.”

Instead, Kutesa said that when he visited Rwanda, it was the Rwandan intelligence operatives that picked him from the airport who accused Kayumba of being subversive. It was a few days after Kayumba had escaped from Rwanda and Kutesa had been sent to Kigali by the UPDF Chief of Defence Forces, Gen. Aronda Nyakairima.

Louise Mushikiwabo

It is with this background that the meeting between Kayumba and senior RDF and RPF leaders took place. Kayumba had returned to Rwanda to attend the annual retreat of senior government officials. During the retreat, he had met and talked to Kagame. As the retreat ended, some senior RDF and RPF leaders asked Kagame if they could talk to Kayumba about the accusations against him. Kagame gave them a go ahead.

During the discussion, several allegations were raised. It is difficult to establish Kayumba’s personal culpability from these events. It is possible that Kayumba never said the things he is accused of against Kagame and the government to Biraro, Kutesa or Tumukunde. Possibly some powerful insiders, envious of his position wanted to bring him down as would be expected in any internal power struggle. They manipulated intelligence information and poisoned Kagame’s mind against him.

However, if he was innocent, then Kayumba fell into the trap his rivals inside the RDF and RPF had set for him. In a letter to Sunday Monitor, Kayumba accused Kagame of personalising power in Rwanda and of being corrupt. He also accused Kagame personally and the RPF generally of betraying the ideals of the revolution. He further accused the RPF and RDF top leadership of intrigue and malice.

In his letter, Kayumba said that he had held these views since 2000 when he saw “the revolution veering off course” and began living in self-denial. If Kayumba was innocent before, this admission undermined his case because he now openly accepted holding anti establishment feelings his rivals had been accusing him of – and for as long as they claimed he did.

Could he have expressed them to some people? While Ugandan military officers deny Kayumba shared with them his resentment for Kagame’s leadership, it seems people inside RPF and RDF somehow got a hint of what was going on in his mind. Whatever his innocence or culpability, his letter in Sunday Monitor was the last nail in the back of his possible reconciliation with Kagame.

The Independent tried with persistence to talk to Kayumba for a comment on this article. His associates said they preferred to read the story first and respond to it later.


Comments (34)Add Comment
Not much substance
written by Rwakaikara, June 15, 2010
This was pitched as a special investigation but all it contains is hearsay. This story is not different from accounts you hear from lumpens on the streets of Kampala. So and so said this, the one thought that and bla bla bla.

The only analysis one can draw from this is that Gen Kagame is indeed running a Stalinist regime in Rwanda.
Some of these are not entirely true
written by Rwakaikara, June 15, 2010
It is hard to believe that a Chief of Staff (Equivalent to Uganda's Chief of Defence Forces) can organise a course abroad, book himself on it and prepare to fly off without the permission of the Commander in Chief. This could not happen in Rwanda at the peak of war!.
Good vindication story
written by Isaac Sewy, June 15, 2010
This story is aimed at vindicating President Kagame and convict Gen. Kayumba. The ugly side of it is how it portrays Ugandan security officers as loose-mouthed armatures.
How can Brig. Tumukundde just go to meet Kayumba on a secret mission in such an obvious place at the height of tension between the two countries? How can Brig Biraro be tricked with just beer and he reveals secrets to the Rwanda security well knowing it has a negative implication?

Kayumba must have had ambitions and the reason he was sent for training to edge him out of the army.
Kagame too was wise sideline officers who posed security threat to his government as well as fueling conflicts between Uganda and Rwanda.

Kayumba lost game but he was wise enough to know when to quit.
Kayumba is liked army
written by Rucogoza Jean, June 16, 2010
Kayumba well-liked army by fellow soldiers. All bad said about him; some are concontions and others may be true.Kayumba loves his country and represents the changing young generations. Bribing soldiers could have been a strategy to get friendly to them so that in case Kagame’s terms office end, he may present himself as formible candidature for Gov’t and RPF leadership. In process, wrong-minded people used that to poision Kagame’s mind. Kayumba, we love you!
...
written by Mafta Mingi, June 16, 2010
who cares about rwanda , he got our problems with our own dictator how come rwandese own farms in uganda ?
Doctor
written by Doctor, June 16, 2010
The big question is why this hapenned now and not ten years ago.............this guy claims to have been vindicated. How come it has taken him 10 years ( 3650days) to decide to leave......How come he found it confortable to amass close to 350Hectares of Land in a country where land is so scarce:2,209.486 sq. km per 1,000 people. Is this how patriotism is manifested???????

Rwanda is bigger than Kagame,Kayumba,Karegeya and all. All we want is peace whatever its cost and so far Kagame has afforded us the luxury of peace like never before enjoyed in this country.

Oh yes ........., we care about Rwanda big time
written by Isaac Sewy, June 16, 2010
Mafta mingi, we care big deal about Rwanda because instability in Rwanda affects stability in Uganda. The two countries are intertwined. Even President Kagame has family, business, and land in Uganda. At least for this and next generations only boarders can separate he two countries. Actually Kagame derives inspiration for his great leadership from Uganda.
I was glad about Kagame's move when he changed RDF command by displacing the likes of Kayumba and Mugambagye whose strong links and ego fueled conflicts between the two sister states. And I am glad Uganda is the leading regional exporter to Rwanda and that is big deal.
Impoverished Rwanda splurges on luxury jets
written by John Tumukunde, June 17, 2010
What a contradiction hear!
written by Bennon, June 17, 2010
Thanks Tumukunde for posting this article here, i hope Gen Mugambagye reads this article so he can reverse his weird statements about the jets. This is a typical corruption and i want those idiots who say Kagame is not corruption to tell us what this fishy business trend means to them? this is a serious issue and needs to be probed,if proven true then Kagame needs to be held accountable as he claims when he is referring to other corrupt leader.
nonsense
written by Kigalova, June 17, 2010
totally disconnected..
people wit lots of smarts care about Rwanda
written by Kigalova, June 17, 2010
The guy before me shud kno that only ignorants dont care about Rwanda or anything at all. get to kno why everybody is interested.
YES,RWANDESE CAN OWN LAND
written by Simon Mwine, June 18, 2010
MAFTA MINGI(in dire need of educational fuel),
As I write this, I hope that when you went to school, you did go far and as such you can do some research on both the constitution and history of Uganda. Banyarwanda are recognised as a tribe under the constitution of Uganda just like any of the other tribes contained entirely within the Ugandan borders.It just happens to be that when the colonial powers were drawing the borders we have today, some tribes found themselves lying across two countries. It explains why one of the Awoori brothers finds himself vice president of Kenya and the other a Ugandan minister. Mr Kayumba also served in the Ugandan armed forces and I believe spent more than the constitutional 10 years one needs to become a naturalised citizen.
Rwandese are not Ugandans
written by Lakwena, June 18, 2010
Simon Mwine, don't be ridiculous, these fellows armed forced themselves into an unconstitutional army NRA alias UPDF. Gen Kagame, Kayumba and Mugambagye etc. didn't become generals via Uganda under formal recruitment procedure. Colonialism partitioning notwithstanding, having crossed back into Rwanda violently (RPF) they clearly demonstrated that they are not Ugandans, even after being assimilated here for 32 years (1959-1990). Don't tell us tomorrow when some Somalis who have been here for ages; have land and propertied clandestinely join the UPDF and hereafter go back to Somalia fighting sitting government, and call them Ugandans. These are racists and begot who never intermarried with any indigenous Ugandans.
Can more Ugandans read these comments
written by Blackie Boaz, June 18, 2010
Dear Mwenda and owners of the Independent

Can you start making these comments be printed in your next issues so that more Ugandans and or Rwandese can read. This is to admit on behalf of many Ugandans that many people dont read these comments and (thou biased) I find the responses useful for helping in getting more informed about the always one sided stories (thou factual). It may be possible that those being talked about in such responses will not be able to know what has been said about them. EG "loose mouthed Ugandan intelligence officers"
Breaking News; Kayumba has been shot in S.A.
written by Naboona winie, June 19, 2010
Today 19th - June, Kayumba has been shot and seriously injured in South Africa. According to his wife, they were together from shopping and somebody just opened fired at their car. Whom do you think is behind all this? Your guess is as good as mine.
Kagame is as bad as Museveni.
M7 not comparable to Kagame
written by Kagaju Moses, June 19, 2010
M7 is not at all comparable to Kagame my dear Naboona. Bsigye was many years in S.Africa as self-sytled exilee where now Kayumba is shot just in a period of 3 months after he has run away from a tyrant. M7 didn't make any attempt to shot him. Ugandans have been joking around esp. Mwenda calling him all good names.It will not be too long to know who you're dealing with.
...
written by Bennon, June 19, 2010
Mwenda is a one man who would have been so independent in reporting the truth as a journalist, but the way he reports about Kagame is as if he is being miss informed and corrupted in some way by President Kagame.His style of reporting about president Kagame is as bad as those Rwandan Journalists living in an Authoritarian regime and state of fear. Look at how he writes about President Museveni and the way he talks about President Kagame.Let say if Kagame was the president of Uganda,am wondering if he would be writing that kind of trush about him?am wondering if Mwenda would be enjoying this much freedom like he does today in Kaguta's government?Be fair and tell the truth when reporting and don't be intimidated like those Rwandan Journalists unless if corruption is involved
kagame has blundered
written by gafabusa, June 20, 2010
"Then when my husband bent, he shot. And fortunately, it went into the stomach and not in the head... My husband got out immediately... And he grabbed the gun. In that kind of scuffle, the guy couldn't cock the gun."

She added that Mr Kagame wanted her husband dead.

"[Mr Kagame] said it in parliament that he will actually kill my husband, that wherever he is he will follow him and kill him," she said.
To Kagaju Moses
written by Naboona winie, June 20, 2010
You shd know that, Besigye is still a lucky man and he is still alive by accident in the eyes of Museveni. Do want me to give you an endless list of how many of his colleagues & friends he has killed ? No need to, b'se you know better only that, you are pretending / noyerabyaho. Owurutakahikiire ati ninye manzi. You never know tomorrow it maybe me , you or your relative. So many individuals were denying and defending him like you are doing but what happened kukyabahikiireho...... u know what i mean!
...
written by EVIAN, June 20, 2010
I can not wait to read Mwenda's twisted version of the shooting. RWA was supposed to be our African success story. Embarassing and pathetic!
Doctor
written by Doctor, June 21, 2010
Whatever the judicial outcome of the shooting story, Kagame's integrity has been damaged or is being damaged by these allegations thereby undermining the progress Rwanda has made/still making.

Rwanda is a country with little resources and depends close to 60% on donor funding to meet its ends as a country. Alot of the donations coming in now are positivley fuelled by Kagames international stature today, donor funding increased this fiscal year by 66%. The country needs this money coming in so that we can ultimately wean off aid in the future as we continue putting in place ecomonically sound reforms.

Doctor
written by Doctor, June 21, 2010
Having said the above Rwanda cannot afford any deterrents to its pace of development. Undermining Kayumbas impact , criss crossing allegations isnt the wayforward for this country. Rwanda govt needs to work out a way in which they can happily keep Kayumba quiet (the man is struggling with making ends meet for his family........). " Keep your enemies closer than your keep your friends": Museveni has been able to learn this early, nb: how many generals have fallen out with Museveni and now smile their teeth off ......Tinyefuza etc

Doctor
written by Doctor, June 21, 2010
Rwanda will have to check its pride in dealing with Kayumba............and Kayumba will have to check his pride in dealing with Rwanda........

All we the Rwandan people want is an environment that fosters sustainable peace of mind and with these shootings, exodus etc it is with difficulty that we keep our minds calm. This maybe downplayed but having gone through a genocide any unrest should make a normal Rwandese mind look deeply into the mayhem surrounding the unrest.

It is therefore the responsibility of the Rwanda Govt to calm these waters in a reconcilable manner
Gen, kayumba is innocent person
written by mwanga, June 21, 2010
mingi talking no sense. first do a research on the history of Rwanda and uganda before colonisation , ur enjoying the results of berlin conference, why not rwandese are not ugandans? when we know that the broad of rwanda be4 colonisation was at lake george and edward.
So on the case of kayumba, now the guy is in S.A, in the hospital, firstly who shoted him? Mwenda plz do analysis on it. other wz am requesting every one to pray to him.
rwadese missing Gen kayumba
written by mwanga, June 21, 2010
mr, lakwena,who is a ugandan? due to history may be ur a sudanese. in uganda we are blessed, coz we have afreedom of speach, i appreciate mr M7 on this. but in Rwanda the story is quite different, there is no freedom at all, who can tell us a country in the whole world have number of people like Generals, col, cpts,every day escaping their homeland like Rwanda.
Kagame is a dictator, Kayumba is an accompliance to Museveni!
written by joyce, June 23, 2010
Then what ...........at this rate Kagame is expired goods. And Mwenda is about to run out of stories. Ugandans and Rwandese will win because Museveni is already a gone case in Uganda.
Too many Haters
written by TF, June 28, 2010
Oh boy oh boy why so much hate towards Mwenda..?? If he is paid by the Rwandese govt to do a job so be it. Was he to market the rainbow nation free of charge?? And about his negative writings about our government maybe that's all he sees about it nothing positive. Forgive me for being naive he may know more than what he says who knows but chooses to follow the negative path probably to tell us we the wanainchi what we need to know.

Lo'l behold give a man a break let him be...
Ugandans owe Rwandans apology
written by SSebbo, June 28, 2010
Ugandans have colonized Rwandans for 16 years nowsmilies/angry.gif
Rwanda matters to Uganda
written by Andrew Mujooja-Musisi, July 20, 2010
Rwanda is important to Uganda historically and at present so is Burundi. Mafa what planets are you living on!!! We in Southern Uganda all share a common ancestry with the people of Burundi and Rwanda, even the Kimera clans of Buganda, and Bahuma(royal) clans of Tooro & Bunyoro, Banyankore,Bakiga, Baziba Banyarugabo. So whoever or what ever you are Mafa Mingi do not Belittle Rwanda. The royal Lineage of Buganda,Ankore,Tooro, and Bunyoro, Buziba are indirect cousins to the royal families Higinya in Rwanda.
So do not insult Rwanda or belittle the country.
Your hate for Rwanda is unfair unjustified and uncalled for, for christ sake grow up and be mature. Rwanda is a blessing, it is here to stay, it will not be blown away or wished away as you so naively think.
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